Let’s Talk About: Tinctures, Elixirs, and Cordials

mortar, pestle, tincture bottles
Tincture corner of my herb shelf!

I love herbs, and I also enjoy alcohol. My dedicated readers know for sure that I adore honey…so I generally do my best to combine those three ingredients in as many forms as possible.

My cabinets are full of jars, and those jars are full of strange floating bits in colored liquid. It makes me feel my most witchy to open that cabinet and bring out strange brews to share with friends.  I have many jars that are medicine, and jars that are for fun, and jars that are a bit of both.

Let’s start with Tinctures:

Tinctures are medicinal extracts of herbs in alcohol. Some folks use moonshine and others might prefer high-test likkers for their tinctures, but I tend to use a medium-brand, triple-distilled vodka so I don’t have to dilute the tincture until it’s ingested.  If you aren’t into vodka, a nice brandy is a good alternative.

The process for making a tincture is simple:

  • Get an herb, fresh or dried.
  • Put said herb into a jar.
  • Pour alcohol to cover the herb.
  • Put a lid on it, and give it a good shake every now and again
  • Strain after 3-6 weeks and label clearly (date, herb, type of alcohol)

Now, tinctures are potent!  When you take tinctures, please do a lot of research if you are dosing yourself, or find a practiced herbalist to give you guidance.  Some tinctures, such as poke root or teasel, only need a couple of drops per day to be effective and more than that can cause you harm.

When taking tinctures, you can put a few drops in some water or juice. If you are giving tinctures to children, add it to hot tea and some of the alcohol will burn off. If you’re tough, you might be able to just handle a squirt of tincture without dilution…but it’ll burn your mouth a bit if you don’t drink straight booze often. (Whisky neat, please!)

Elixirs are more palatable:

Elixirs are the sweetened version of those alcohol-expressed medicines.  I tend to make “sipping” elixirs out of the more tasty herb tinctures.  These can almost cross the line into cordials, which while they may have medicinal benefits, are mostly just for pleasure as far as my definitions go.  The sharp tang of elderberry cordial is lovely, but I try to save it for when I’m feeling sick.  To use an elixir, just pour a bit into your hot tea, or into a brandy snifter to sip on for a while.

Then there are the less-than-tasty herbal medicines…adding sweetener to the more bitter or astringent herb tinctures can make ingesting them a more palatable experience, especially with kids.  Valerian and Horehound are good examples of herbs that can use a splash of honey to cut their bitter strength!

Elixirs are easy to make:

You can start out with a tincture and add a simple syrup (recipe below).  Add the cooled syrup to tincture in small bits, then shake the mix to blend it, and then taste.  If it isn’t right, add more and taste again!  Be careful, these are meant to be sipped as they are still potent medicine, and this sweetening and tasting process can get you loopy.

Simple Syrup:

  • Boil one cup of water.
  • Add a cup of sugar (or honey, or agave, or whatever you prefer!)
  • Stir until the sugar is completely dissolved.
  • Let it come to a boil for one minute. Turn to low and let it simmer for a few minutes.
  • Allow to cool down a bit before funneling into a clean glass bottle with a tight fitting lid.
  • Label and date your syrup and store it in the fridge!

Sometimes I use the lazy method. Pour a dollop of honey into a strained tincture and give it a shake.  It works, but it ends up being super sticky and thick compared to the simple syrup process described above.

jars of cordials and tinctures
Cordials and Tinctures, 2011, Amber Shehan

I hope that helps to demystify some of the process and allow you to play around with your Junior Alchemist kit in your kitchen, and have another way to use your herb harvest before the final frost takes it from you!

Here are some cordials and tinctures that I have in the works.  All of these are made with vodka.

In the back, we have Cranberry cordial.  I buy cranberries when they go on sale every holiday season, and freeze them if I don’t use them immediately.  This jar has been full for close to a year, and will remain there until the berries have lost a bit more color to the alcohol. Then there will be a sugar syrup added (perhaps brown sugar this year) and it will sit and settle until Thanksgiving or Christmas.

Clockwise, we next have Goldenrod tincture. Learn more about the wonderful weed Goldenrod!

Yarrow is a strong sister plant for me.  She sprang up tall and magnificent from the patch I prepared and transplanted her the first year I lived here.  The fronds on this plant were humongous, and her flowers plentiful! Yarrow tincture is good for keeping insects at bay when applied externally, and is an amazing wound cleaner as well.  She’ll be handy to keep around for next spring. (Yarrow for flu and fever).

Lemon Balm, Sweet Melissa, fills out the next jar with her flat, wide leaves.  I crushed them with my fingers as I put them in the jar, to release her lemony, sharp oils.  This plant is excellent for anxiety, depression, any emotional rollercoasters and overwhelming dizziness can be slowed down by a couple drops in water and a couple of deep breaths. (Lemon Balm Wine)

Lastly, we have valerian and mint.  Some folks can’t stand the smell of Valerian, but I’m quite fond of it.  The mint is there to make it palatable, sure, but it also has it’s own benefits in the realm of gas relief and relaxation.  In a couple of weeks, I’ll strain that jar and add some honey to the tincture and shake it together for a tonic cordial.  My delicate-tummied love sometimes ends up unable to sleep at night with gut pains keeping him awake…but after one good slug of valerian and mint cordial, there’s a couple of burps and then a symphony of snores!

This is my last fresh-harvest hurrah for the season.  This week, I’ll be making tasty treats using the elixir method with rum instead of vodka, and leftover apple peels that would otherwise be discarded.  Winter is nigh, and I’m set on having plenty of tasty, warming medicines to get me and my loved ones through!

I sell some of my extra tinctures over in my shop. Take a look!

2016 update: Watch me ramble about making cordials for an hour!


  1. Great post and gorgeous pictures! I have my good share of strange bottles filled with herbs as well! For your delicate-tummied love, I would suggest fennel. I suffer from bad nights too if my dinner has been too much, and a cup of fennel tea (or tincture) does wonders! If you don’t have it near, I can send you seeds from our own plant.

  2. I just found this blog, and wow, is it ever full of great information. I have started growing all kinds of medicinal plants, but really am not sure which parts to harvest and when. Is there a resource you would suggest?

  3. Ooh, yes. He used to just chew a couple of fennel seeds, but now that bothers his teeth. I’ll have to try him on a tea of that, it isn’t his favorite flavor. 🙂 Mint is much more his style, and I have a non-Valerian mint elixir that he enjoys swigging that doesn’t put him to sleep!

    I would be interested in doing an herb or seed exchange with you, though! We have such different climates, I bet we have much to offer each other. 😀

    1. I like the way you two speak about this conversation (friendly.honest and last but not least growers helping eachother with genetics!!! i would never. Ever….ever….eva eva eva EVER ever ingage in ……BUT it’s legal here in the good ol’303. Lol so with that said please contact me via email @ prodicalbows@ gmail.com. I have a crossed a few amazing strains last summer an i also need your amazing strains . asap please ….contact me …..please and ththank. I am germinatinn early in early April so by 420/2017 i need medicine for my patients in tincture form. I also need a strain called charlotte’s web it’s cmd dominate strain strictly for patients needing no t.h.c and still “WORK!!” for pain ect. Ect. Ect÷

      1. Hey dear. We weren’t talking specifically about the herb you are discussing, but herbs in general. While I am quite a fan of CBD and its healing properties, I’m not in a state that allows its legal use. I do host local herb swaps, but we stick to legal plants. I don’t have any seedlings/strains you are looking for, sorry!

  4. Sharon: Thank you so much for your kind words! I can suggest a couple of books, and will totally get back to you all with a post of suggestions. Feel free to follow me, using the google follower button on the right side of the page! <3

  5. I have a lovely garden but just recently started making my own teas and tinctures and also use herbs in spiritual practice.

    This awesome blog has a wealth of information. Thank you so much!

  6. How long do the elixirs and cordials last after the tinctures are added? I’m new to the medicinal herbal whirlwind. I have read Rosemary gladstars book and live them. Just very unsure of what I’m doing thus far as I’m just s year and s half into this. Thank you for any information

    1. Hey there! Thanks for asking me, Lee Ann. I’ve had some cordials and tinctures that are years old. The booze does a good job of long term preservation, but there’s always a danger of fermentation or mold when there’s water and sugar added. If you open a jar and it smells like cheap wine or if it is fuzzy, don’t drink it!

  7. One of my favorite, I guess its a tinture, I just never thought of it that way, is soaking dried ginger root in vodka for a few months. Its warm, spicy to sip neat, and it really helps w/ the bursitis pain that really acts up worse for me in the winter months. Dried cranberries soaked that way too make a nice sweet like ruby red cordial, never done it w/ fresh or frozen cranberries. The teenager confiscated all of the frozen ones for smoothies. I did a batch last year of vodka and orange zest, which is still sitting there and I’m not quite sure what to do with, since it released a nice amount of orange oil on the top. Any suggestions?

    1. I love ginger in all forms! That sounds like an awesome method to help with the joint and muscle pain, for sure. 🙂 I have considered making cordials with dried fruit but haven’t done it yet!

      I bet if you add a sugar syrup to the strained orange vodka, that it might help with blending those oils in. I’d still definitely give it a good shake before drinking!

  8. You can make communion wine with poke. Add to liquor and varying degrees of water and sweetener. Or use vinegar or lemon juice with varying degrees of water and a large sweetener. Color can be a deep burgundy. The vinegar poke mixture looks nice in the window. It could be the only note of color in a church. I am not sure how long the color lasts.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.